Thermodynamically Consistent Algorithms for Models of Diblock Copolymer Solutions Interacting with Electric and Magnetic Fields

02/16/2021 ∙ by Xiaowen Shen, et al. ∙ 0

We derive thermodynamically consistent models for diblock copolymer solutions coupled with the electric and magnetic field, respectively. These models satisfy the second law of thermodynamics and therefore are therefore thermodynamically consistent. We then design a set of 2nd order, linear, semi-discrete schemes for the models using the energy quadratization method and the supplementary variable method, respectively, which preserve energy dissipation rates of the models. The spatial discretization is carried out subsequently using 2nd order finite difference methods, leading to fully discrete algorithms that preserve discrete energy-dissipation-rates of the models so that the resulting fully discrete models are thermodynamically consistent. Convergence rates are numerically confirmed through mesh refinement tests and several numerical examples are given to demonstrate the role of the mobility in pattern formation, defect removing effect of both electric and magnetic fields as well as the hysteresis effect for applied external fields in copolymer solutions.

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