The Turing Trap: The Promise Peril of Human-Like Artificial Intelligence

01/11/2022
by   Erik Brynjolfsson, et al.
0

In 1950, Alan Turing proposed an imitation game as the ultimate test of whether a machine was intelligent: could a machine imitate a human so well that its answers to questions indistinguishable from a human. Ever since, creating intelligence that matches human intelligence has implicitly or explicitly been the goal of thousands of researchers, engineers, and entrepreneurs. The benefits of human-like artificial intelligence (HLAI) include soaring productivity, increased leisure, and perhaps most profoundly, a better understanding of our own minds. But not all types of AI are human-like. In fact, many of the most powerful systems are very different from humans. So an excessive focus on developing and deploying HLAI can lead us into a trap. As machines become better substitutes for human labor, workers lose economic and political bargaining power and become increasingly dependent on those who control the technology. In contrast, when AI is focused on augmenting humans rather than mimicking them, then humans retain the power to insist on a share of the value created. Furthermore, augmentation creates new capabilities and new products and services, ultimately generating far more value than merely human-like AI. While both types of AI can be enormously beneficial, there are currently excess incentives for automation rather than augmentation among technologists, business executives, and policymakers.

READ FULL TEXT
POST COMMENT

Comments

There are no comments yet.

Authors

page 1

page 2

page 3

page 4

12/31/2021

Making AI 'Smart': Bridging AI and Cognitive Science

The last two decades have seen tremendous advances in Artificial Intelli...
02/18/2021

Testing Lotka's Law and Pattern of Author Productivity in the Scholarly Publications of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence has changed our day to day life in multitude way...
12/08/2013

CLIC: A Framework for Distributed, On-Demand, Human-Machine Cognitive Systems

Traditional Artificial Cognitive Systems (for example, intelligent robot...
09/06/2018

Improbotics: Exploring the Imitation Game using Machine Intelligence in Improvised Theatre

Theatrical improvisation (impro or improv) is a demanding form of live, ...
03/30/2020

A Pebble in the AI Race

Bhutan is sometimes described as pebble between two boulders", a small ...
03/07/2018

Value Alignment, Fair Play, and the Rights of Service Robots

Ethics and safety research in artificial intelligence is increasingly fr...
10/01/2020

Artificial Creations: Ascription, Ownership, Time-Specific Monopolies

Creativity has always been synonymous with humans. No other living speci...
This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.