The Stochastic complexity of spin models: How simple are simple spin models?
Simple models, in information theoretic terms, are those with a small stochastic complexity. We study the stochastic complexity of spin models with interactions of arbitrary order. Invariance with respect to bijections within the space of operators allows us to classify models in complexity classes. This invariance also shows that simplicity is not related to the order of the interactions, but rather to their mutual arrangement. Models where statistical dependencies are localized on non-overlapping groups of few variables (and that afford predictions on independencies that are easy to falsify) are simple. On the contrary, fully connected pairwise models, which are often used in statistical learning, are highly complex because of their extended set of interactions.READ FULL TEXT