The Role of Robotics in Infectious Disease Crises

10/19/2020
by   Gregory Hager, et al.
0

The recent coronavirus pandemic has highlighted the many challenges faced by the healthcare, public safety, and economic systems when confronted with a surge in patients that require intensive treatment and a population that must be quarantined or shelter in place. The most obvious and pressing challenge is taking care of acutely ill patients while managing spread of infection within the care facility, but this is just the tip of the iceberg if we consider what could be done to prepare in advance for future pandemics. Beyond the obvious need for strengthening medical knowledge and preparedness, there is a complementary need to anticipate and address the engineering challenges associated with infectious disease emergencies. Robotic technologies are inherently programmable, and robotic systems have been adapted and deployed, to some extent, in the current crisis for such purposes as transport, logistics, and disinfection. As technical capabilities advance and as the installed base of robotic systems increases in the future, they could play a much more significant role in future crises. This report is the outcome of a virtual workshop co-hosted by the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) held on July 9-10, 2020. The workshop consisted of over forty participants including representatives from the engineering/robotics community, clinicians, critical care workers, public health and safety experts, and emergency responders. It identifies key challenges faced by healthcare responders and the general population and then identifies robotic/technological responses to these challenges. Then it identifies the key research/knowledge barriers that need to be addressed in developing effective, scalable solutions. Finally, the report ends with the following recommendations on how to implement this strategy.

READ FULL TEXT
POST COMMENT

Comments

There are no comments yet.

Authors

page 1

page 11

12/14/2020

Medical Robots for Infectious Diseases: Lessons and Challenges from the COVID-19 Pandemic

Medical robots can play an important role in mitigating the spread of in...
09/12/2020

The Adoption of ICT Powered Healthcare Technologies towards Managing Global Pandemics

Pandemic is an outbreak that happens over a large geographic area affect...
03/10/2021

OpenTera: A Microservice Architecture Solution for Rapid Prototyping of Robotic Solutions to COVID-19 Challenges in Care Facilities

As telecommunications technology progresses, telehealth frameworks are b...
10/22/2019

Theory-Software Translation: Research Challenges and Future Directions

The Theory-Software Translation Workshop, held in New Orleans in Februar...
04/20/2018

Epidemiological data challenges: planning for a more robust future through data standards

Accessible epidemiological data are of great value for emergency prepare...
11/06/2021

NSF Broadband Research 2020 Report

The internet has become a critical communications infrastructure, and ac...
This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.