The Projection Extension Method: A Spectrally Accurate Technique for Complex Domains

by   Saad Qadeer, et al.

An essential ingredient of a spectral method is the choice of suitable bases for test and trial spaces. On complex domains, these bases are harder to devise, necessitating the use of domain partitioning techniques such as the spectral element method. In this study, we introduce the Projection Extension (PE) method, an approach that yields spectrally accurate solutions to various problems on complex geometries without requiring domain decomposition. This technique builds on the insights used by extension methodologies such as the immersed boundary smooth extension and Smooth Forcing Extension (SFE) methods that are designed to improve the order of accuracy of the immersed boundary method. In particular, it couples an accurate extension procedure, that functions on arbitrary domains regardless of connectedness or regularity, with a least squares minimization of the boundary conditions. The resulting procedure is stable under iterative application and straightforward to generalize to higher dimensions. Moreover, it rapidly and robustly yields exponentially convergent solutions to a number of challenging test problems, including elliptic, parabolic, Newtonian fluid flow, and viscoelastic problems.



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