The Perfect Matching Cut Problem Revisited

07/13/2021
by   Van Bang Le, et al.
0

In a graph, a perfect matching cut is an edge cut that is a perfect matching. Perfect Matching Cut (PMC) is the problem of deciding whether a given graph has a perfect matching cut, and is known to be NP-complete. We revisit the problem and show that PMC remains NP-complete when restricted to bipartite graphs of maximum degree 3 and arbitrarily large girth. Complementing this hardness result, we give two graph classes in which PMC is polynomial time solvable. The first one includes claw-free graphs and graphs without an induced path on five vertices, the second one properly contains all chordal graphs. Assuming the Exponential Time Hypothesis, we show there is no O^*(2^o(n))-time algorithm for PMC even when restricted to n-vertex bipartite graphs, and also show that PMC can be solved in O^*(1.2721^n) time by means of an exact branching algorithm.

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