The geography of references in elite articles: What countries contribute to the archives of knowledge

09/19/2017
by   Lutz Bornmann, et al.
0

This study is intended to find an answer for the question on which national "shoulders" the worldwide top-level research stands. Traditionally, national scientific standings are evaluated in terms of the number of citations to their papers. We raise a different question: instead of analyzing the citations to the countries' articles (the forward view), we examine referenced publications from specific countries cited in the most elite publications (the backward-citing-view). "Elite publications" are operationalized as the top-1 most-highly cited articles. Using the articles published during the years 2004 to 2013, we examine the research referenced in these works. Our results confirm the well-known fact that China has emerged to become a major player in science. However, China still belongs to the low contributors when countries are ranked as contributors to the cited references in top-1 perspective, the results do not point to a decreasing trend for the USA; in fact, the USA exceeds expectations (compared to its publication share) in terms of contributions to cited references in the top-1 Sweden, and the Netherlands also are shown at the top of the list. However, the results for Germany are lower than statistically expected.

READ FULL TEXT
06/06/2017

Publication Trends in Physics Education: A Bibliometric study

A publication trend in Physics Education by employing bibliometric analy...
11/16/2020

In Search of Outstanding Research Advances: Prototyping the creation of an open dataset of "editorial highlights"

A long-standing research question in bibliometrics is how one identifies...
03/02/2021

Convergence and Inequality in Research Globalization

The catch-up effect and the Matthew effect offer opposing characterizati...
05/25/2018

Simplified Graph-based Visualization for Scientific Publication

Understanding citations to scientific publications is a task of vital im...
06/19/2018

Cross-country comparisons of scientific performance by focusing on post-apartheid South Africa

This paper examines the scientific performance of South Africa since 199...
11/07/2019

The effect of novelty on the future impact of scientific grants

Government funding agencies and foundations tend to perceive novelty as ...