The Elements of End-to-end Deep Face Recognition: A Survey of Recent Advances

09/28/2020 ∙ by Hang Du, et al. ∙ 0

Face recognition is one of the most fundamental and long-standing topics in computer vision community. With the recent developments of deep convolutional neural networks and large-scale datasets, deep face recognition has made remarkable progress and been widely used in the real-world applications. Given a natural image or video frame as input, an end-to-end deep face recognition system outputs the face feature for recognition. To achieve this, the whole system is generally built with three key elements: face detection, face preprocessing, and face representation. The face detection locates faces in the image or frame. Then, the face preprocessing is proceeded to calibrate the faces to a canonical view and crop them to a normalized pixel size. Finally, in the stage of face representation, the discriminative features are extracted from the preprocessed faces for recognition. All of the three elements are fulfilled by deep convolutional neural networks. In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey about the recent advances of every element of the end-to-end deep face recognition, since the thriving deep learning techniques have greatly improved the capability of them. To start with, we introduce an overview of the end-to-end deep face recognition, which, as mentioned above, includes face detection, face preprocessing, and face representation. Then, we review the deep learning based advances of each element, respectively, covering many aspects such as the up-to-date algorithm designs, evaluation metrics, datasets, performance comparison, existing challenges, and promising directions for future research. We hope this survey could bring helpful thoughts to one for better understanding of the big picture of end-to-end face recognition and deeper exploration in a systematic way.



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