The effect of the Indonesian higher education evaluation system on conference proceedings publications

by   Philip J. Purnell, et al.

Indonesia has exhibited a unique pattern of conference proceedings publishing that was distinct from global and regional norms. Conference proceedings are now an integral part of the major citation databases, and this study examined their progressive coverage in the context of academic career advancement and Indonesian government policy. The results of analyses in Web of Science (WoS), Scopus and to a lesser extent, Dimensions showed an increase in the proportion of conference proceedings far in excess of global norms and not seen in any other South East Asian country. In the conference series containing most Indonesian proceedings papers, there was a recent increase in representation from Indonesia and an increase in the proportion of those conferences hosted in Indonesia. Local policy documents and guidelines from 2012 and 2014 appeared to encourage academics to increase research outputs in high impact internationally indexed sources but did not make any distinction between document types. The conclusion suggests that scholars might have found advantage in advancing through the hierarchy of academia through publishing conference papers that were quicker and easier to publish than journal articles. The study is important to policy makers in the area of research evaluation because it highlights potential changes in academic publishing behaviour by those being assessed.


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