The effect of social groups on the dynamics of bi-directional pedestrian flow: a numerical study

by   Francesco Zanlungo, et al.

We investigate the effect of groups on a bi-directional flow, by using novel computational methods. Our focus is on self-organisation phenomena, and more specifically on the time needed for the occurrence of pedestrian lanes, their stability and their effect on the velocity-density relation. Moreover, we are interested in understanding the amount of physical contact in the crowd. To this end, we use a novel model considering the asymmetrical shape of the human body and describing its rotation during collision avoidance, and combine it to a mathematical model of group behaviour. We configure several scenarios by varying the global density ρ of pedestrians and the ratio r_g describing the percentage of grouped pedestrians in the simulation. Our results show that the presence of groups has a significant effect on velocity and lane organisation, and a dramatic one on collision. We are well aware of the limitations of our approach, in particular concerning (i) the lack of calibration of body rotation in collision avoidance on actual data and (ii) straightforward application of a low density group model to higher density settings. We nevertheless want to stress that it is not our intention to state that our results reproduce the actual effect of groups on bi-directional flow. In particular, it seems highly unrealistic that crowds with groups collide extremely more often. Nevertheless we believe that our results show the great theoretical and practical implication of the consideration of realistic group behaviour in pedestrian models, and suggest that realistic results may hardly be achieved simply by adding together modular models.


page 1

page 2

page 3

page 4


Investigating the effect of social groups in uni-directional pedestrian flow

The influence of cohesion among members of dyads is investigated in scen...

Crowd-Aware Robot Navigation for Pedestrians with Multiple Collision Avoidance Strategies via Map-based Deep Reinforcement Learning

It is challenging for a mobile robot to navigate through human crowds. E...

Pedestrian-Robot Interaction Experiments in an Exit Corridor

The study of human-robot interaction (HRI) has received increasing resea...

Pedestrian orientation dynamics from high-fidelity measurements

We investigate in real-life conditions and with very high accuracy the d...

Social groups in pedestrian crowds: Review of their influence on the dynamics and their modelling

Pedestrians are often encountered walking in the company of some social ...

Estimation of crowd density applying wavelet transform and machine learning

We conducted a simple experiment in which one pedestrian passed through ...

Pedestrian Models based on Rational Behaviour

Following the paradigm set by attraction-repulsion-alignment schemes, a ...

Please sign up or login with your details

Forgot password? Click here to reset