The Colombian Scientific Elite – Science Mapping and Bibliometric Outlook

09/26/2021
by   Julian D. Cortes, et al.
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A well established agenda on the research output, impact, and structure of global scientific elites such as Nobel Prize laureates has generated interest in the scientific elites from developing countries. This study deploys science mapping techniques to provide a comprehensive analysis of the output, impact, and structure of the Colombian scientific elite, i.e., researchers awarded with the Alejandro Angel Escobar Foundation National Prize 1990 2020, known locally as the Colombian Nobel. Findings showed that the Colombian scientific elite has a broader agenda than indexing titles in internationally renowned bibliographic databases. The Colombian scientific elite also showed positive growth, which is an inverse trend compared with Nobel laureate productivity. There were no noticeable changes in productivity and impact before and after receiving the prize. Institutional collaboration within the Colombian scientific elite displayed the highest betweenness (brokerage) role of world and local top-tier universities. However, only two Colombian scientific elite members published an article with two Nobel Prize laureates. Most of the research profiles reflected the national output priorities, but were found to diverge from the national focus in respect of strategic research capacities. This study also conducted a productivity and impact comparison with Nobel Prize laureates in science and economics by means of a stratified random sample 1990-2020 via the composite indicator proposed by Ioannidis et al. The interleaving of the Colombian scientific elite and Nobel Prize laureates, particularly between the 3rd and 2nd quartiles, enabled a more nuanced analysis of the local impact in the global scientific landscape.

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