TELESTO: A Graph Neural Network Model for Anomaly Classification in Cloud Services

02/25/2021
by   Dominik Scheinert, et al.
22

Deployment, operation and maintenance of large IT systems becomes increasingly complex and puts human experts under extreme stress when problems occur. Therefore, utilization of machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) is applied on IT system operation and maintenance - summarized in the term AIOps. One specific direction aims at the recognition of re-occurring anomaly types to enable remediation automation. However, due to IT system specific properties, especially their frequent changes (e.g. software updates, reconfiguration or hardware modernization), recognition of reoccurring anomaly types is challenging. Current methods mainly assume a static dimensionality of provided data. We propose a method that is invariant to dimensionality changes of given data. Resource metric data such as CPU utilization, allocated memory and others are modelled as multivariate time series. The extraction of temporal and spatial features together with the subsequent anomaly classification is realized by utilizing TELESTO, our novel graph convolutional neural network (GCNN) architecture. The experimental evaluation is conducted in a real-world cloud testbed deployment that is hosting two applications. Classification results of injected anomalies on a cassandra database node show that TELESTO outperforms the alternative GCNNs and achieves an overall classification accuracy of 85.1 for the other nodes show accuracy values between 85

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