Talking After Lights Out: An Ad Hoc Network for Electric Grid Recovery

by   Jan Janak, et al.

When the electric grid in a region suffers a major outage, e.g., after a catastrophic cyber attack, a "black start" may be required, where the grid is slowly restarted, carefully and incrementally adding generating capacity and demand. To ensure safe and effective black start, the grid control center has to be able to communicate with field personnel and with supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems. Voice and text communication are particularly critical. As part of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Rapid Attack Detection, Isolation, and Characterization Systems (RADICS) program, we designed, tested and evaluated a self-configuring mesh network architecture and prototype called the Phoenix Secure Emergency Network (PhoenixSEN). PhoenixSEN is designed as a drop-in replacement for primary communication networks, combines existing and new technologies, can work with a variety of link-layer protocols, emphasizes manageability and auto-configuration, and provides a core set of services and applications for coordination of people and devices including voice, text, and SCADA communication. The PhoenixSEN prototype was evaluated in the field through a series of DARPA-led exercises. The same system is also likely to support coordination of recovery efforts after large-scale natural disasters.


page 9

page 12


Performance Evaluation of Communication Technologies and Network Structure for Smart Grid Applications

Design of an effective and reliable communication network supporting sma...

Lifeline: Emergency Ad Hoc Network

Lifeline is a group of systems designed for mobile phones and battery po...

Serverless computing for cloud-based power grid emergency generation dispatch

Operating a modern power grid reliably in case of SCADA/EMS failure or a...

On the Interaction between Autonomous Mobility on Demand Systems and Power Distribution Networks -- An Optimal Power Flow Approach

In future transportation systems, the charging behavior of electric Auto...

Toward Safe Integration of Legacy SCADA Systems in the Smart Grid

A SCADA system is a distributed network of cyber-physical devices used f...

Conducting a Large-scale Field Test of a Smartphone-based Communication Network for Emergency Response

Smartphone-based communication networks form a basis for services in eme...

Fault Point Detection for Recovery Planning of Resilient Grid

Large-scale meteorological disasters are increasing around the world, an...

Please sign up or login with your details

Forgot password? Click here to reset