Taking Turing by Surprise? Designing Digital Computers for morally-loaded contexts

03/12/2018
by   Sylvie Delacroix, et al.
0

There is much to learn from what Turing hastily dismissed as Lady Lovelace s objection. Digital computers can indeed surprise us. Just like a piece of art, algorithms can be designed in such a way as to lead us to question our understanding of the world, or our place within it. Some humans do lose the capacity to be surprised in that way. It might be fear, or it might be the comfort of ideological certainties. As lazy normative animals, we do need to be able to rely on authorities to simplify our reasoning: that is ok. Yet the growing sophistication of systems designed to free us from the constraints of normative engagement may take us past a point of no-return. What if, through lack of normative exercise, our moral muscles became so atrophied as to leave us unable to question our social practices? This paper makes two distinct normative claims: 1. Decision-support systems should be designed with a view to regularly jolting us out of our moral torpor. 2. Without the depth of habit to somatically anchor model certainty, a computer s experience of something new is very different from that which in humans gives rise to non-trivial surprises. This asymmetry has key repercussions when it comes to the shape of ethical agency in artificial moral agents. The worry is not just that they would be likely to leap morally ahead of us, unencumbered by habits. The main reason to doubt that the moral trajectories of humans v. autonomous systems might remain compatible stems from the asymmetry in the mechanisms underlying moral change. Whereas in humans surprises will continue to play an important role in waking us to the need for moral change, cognitive processes will rule when it comes to machines. This asymmetry will translate into increasingly different moral outlooks, to the point of likely unintelligibility. The latter prospect is enough to doubt the desirability of autonomous moral agents.

READ FULL TEXT
POST COMMENT

Comments

There are no comments yet.

Authors

page 1

page 2

page 3

page 4

10/30/2015

Turing's Red Flag

Sometime in the future we will have to deal with the impact of AI's bein...
01/13/2020

Perspectives and Ethics of the Autonomous Artificial Thinking Systems

The feasibility of autonomous artificial thinking systems needs to compa...
09/18/2019

Towards Ethical Machines Via Logic Programming

Autonomous intelligent agents are playing increasingly important roles i...
11/05/2019

Scenarios and Recommendations for Ethical Interpretive AI

Artificially intelligent systems, given a set of non-trivial ethical rul...
07/12/2017

Ethics of autonomous information systems towards an artificial thinking

Many projects relies on cognitives sciences, neurosciences, computer sci...
03/14/2019

Theories of Parenting and their Application to Artificial Intelligence

As machine learning (ML) systems have advanced, they have acquired more ...
10/01/2020

Artificial Creations: Ascription, Ownership, Time-Specific Monopolies

Creativity has always been synonymous with humans. No other living speci...
This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.