Sustainable development-oriented campus bike-sharing site evaluation model: A case study of Henan Polytechnic University

by   Huimin Qi, et al.

Promoting sustainable transportation options is increasingly crucial in the pursuit of environmentally friendly and efficient campus mobility systems. Among these options, bike-sharing programs have garnered substantial attention for their capacity to mitigate traffic congestion, decrease carbon emissions, and enhance overall campus sustainability. However, improper selection of bike-sharing sites has led to the growing problems of unsustainable practices in campus, including the disorderly parking and indiscriminate placement of bike-sharing. To this end, this paper proposes a novel sustainable development-oriented campus bike-sharing site evaluation model integrating the improved Delphi and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation approaches. Fourteen evaluation metrics are firstly selected from four dimensions: the user features, implementation and usage characteristics of parking spots, environmental sustainability, and social sustainability, through the combination of expert experience and the improved Delphi method. Then, the analytic hierarchy process and the entropy weight method are employed to determine the weights of the evaluation indices, ensuring a robust and objective assessment framework. The fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method is finally implemented to evaluate the quality of location selection. South Campus of Henan Polytechnic University is selected as a case study using the proposed evaluation system. This work contributes to the existing body of knowledge by presenting a comprehensive location selection evaluation system for campus bike-sharing, informed by the principles of sustainable development.


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