Surrogate Modeling of Fluid Dynamics with a Multigrid Inspired Neural Network Architecture

05/09/2021
by   Quang Tuyen Le, et al.
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Algebraic or geometric multigrid methods are commonly used in numerical solvers as they are a multi-resolution method able to handle problems with multiple scales. In this work, we propose a modification to the commonly-used U-Net neural network architecture that is inspired by the principles of multigrid methods, referred to here as U-Net-MG. We then demonstrate that this proposed U-Net-MG architecture can successfully reduce the test prediction errors relative to the conventional U-Net architecture when modeling a set of fluid dynamic problems. In total, we demonstrate an improvement in the prediction of velocity and pressure fields for the canonical fluid dynamics cases of flow past a stationary cylinder, flow past 2 cylinders in out-of-phase motion, and flow past an oscillating airfoil in both the propulsion and energy harvesting modes. In general, while both the U-Net and U-Net-MG models can model the systems well with test RMSEs of less than 1 architecture can further reduce RMSEs by between 20

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