Subordinated Gaussian Random Fields in Elliptic Partial Differential Equations

11/18/2020 ∙ by Andrea Barth, et al. ∙ 0

To model subsurface flow in uncertain heterogeneous fractured media an elliptic equation with a discontinuous stochastic diffusion coefficient - also called random field - may be used. In case of a one-dimensional parameter space, Lévy processes allow for jumps and display great flexibility in the distributions used. However, in various situations (e.g. microstructure modeling), a one-dimensional parameter space is not sufficient. Classical extensions of Lévy processes on two parameter dimensions suffer from the fact that they do not allow for spatial discontinuities. In this paper a new subordination approach is employed to generate Lévy-type discontinuous random fields on a two-dimensional spatial parameter domain. Existence and uniqueness of a (pathwise) solution to a general elliptic partial differential equation is proved and an approximation theory for the diffusion coefficient and the corresponding solution provided. Further, numerical examples using a Monte Carlo approach on a Finite Element discretization validate our theoretical results.

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