Stabilized explicit multirate methods for stiff differential equations

06/01/2020 ∙ by Assyr Abdulle, et al. ∙ 0

Stabilized Runge-Kutta (aka Chebyshev) methods are especially efficient for the numerical solution of large systems of stiff differential equations because they are fully explicit; hence, they are inherently parallel and easily accommodate nonlinearity. For semi-discrete parabolic (or diffusion dominated) problems, for instance, stabilized Runge-Kutta methods overcome the stringent stability condition of standard methods without sacrificing explicitness. However, when much of the stiffness is only induced by a few components, as in the presence of spatially local mesh refinement, their efficiency deteriorates. To remove the crippling effect of a few severely stiff components on the entire system of differential equations, we derive a modified equation, whose stiffness solely depend on the remaining mildly stiff components. By applying stabilized Runge-Kutta methods to this modified equation, we then devise an explicit multirate Runge-Kutta-Chebyshev (mRKC) method whose stability conditions are independent of a few severely stiff components. Stability of the mRKC method is proved for a model problem, whereas its efficiency and usefulness are demonstrated through a series of numerical experiments.

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