Spline-Based Bayesian Emulators for Large Scale Spatial Inverse Problems

05/08/2021 ∙ by Anirban Mondal, et al. ∙ 0

A Bayesian approach to nonlinear inverse problems is considered where the unknown quantity (input) is a random spatial field. The forward model is complex and non-linear, therefore computationally expensive. An emulator-based methodology is developed, where the Bayesian multivariate adaptive regression splines (BMARS) are used to model the function that maps the inputs to the outputs. Discrete cosine transformation (DCT) is used for dimension reduction of the input spatial field. The posterior sampling is carried out using trans-dimensional Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. Numerical results are presented by analyzing simulated as well as real data on hydrocarbon reservoir characterization.

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