Specifying and Reasoning about Contextual Preferences in the Goal-oriented Requirements Modelling

05/15/2019
by   Khavee Agustus Botangen, et al.
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Goal-oriented requirements variability modelling has established the understanding for adaptability in the early stage of software development-the Requirements Engineering phase. Goal-oriented requirements variability modelling considers both the intentions, which are captured as goals in goal models, and the preferences of different stakeholders as the main sources of system behaviour variability. Most often, however, intentions and preferences vary according to contexts. In this paper, we propose an approach for a contextual preference-based requirements variability analysis in the goal-oriented Requirements Engineering. We introduce a quantitative contextual preference specification to express the varying preferences imposed over requirements that are represented in the goal model. Such contextual preferences are used as criteria to evaluate alternative solutions that satisfy the requirements variability problem. We utilise a state-of-the-art reasoning implementation from the Answer Set Programming domain to automate the derivation and evaluation of solutions that fulfill the goals and satisfy the contextual preferences. Our approach will support systems analysts in their decisions upon alternative design solutions that define subsequent system implementations.

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