Sparsely Overlapped Speech Training in the Time Domain: Joint Learning of Target Speech Separation and Personal VAD Benefits

06/28/2021 ∙ by Qingjian Lin, et al. ∙ 1

Target speech separation is the process of filtering a certain speaker's voice out of speech mixtures according to the additional speaker identity information provided. Recent works have made considerable improvement by processing signals in the time domain directly. The majority of them take fully overlapped speech mixtures for training. However, since most real-life conversations occur randomly and are sparsely overlapped, we argue that training with different overlap ratio data benefits. To do so, an unavoidable problem is that the popularly used SI-SNR loss has no definition for silent sources. This paper proposes the weighted SI-SNR loss, together with the joint learning of target speech separation and personal VAD. The weighted SI-SNR loss imposes a weight factor that is proportional to the target speaker's duration and returns zero when the target speaker is absent. Meanwhile, the personal VAD generates masks and sets non-target speech to silence. Experiments show that our proposed method outperforms the baseline by 1.73 dB in terms of SDR on fully overlapped speech, as well as by 4.17 dB and 0.9 dB on sparsely overlapped speech of clean and noisy conditions. Besides, with slight degradation in performance, our model could reduce the time costs in inference.

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