Space/time-efficient RDF stores based on circular suffix sorting

by   Nieves R. Brisaboa, et al.

In recent years, RDF has gained popularity as a format for the standardized publication and exchange of information in the Web of Data. In this paper we introduce RDFCSA, a data structure that is able to self-index an RDF dataset in small space and supports efficient querying. RDFCSA regards the triples of the RDF store as short circular strings and applies suffix sorting on those strings, so that triple-pattern queries reduce to prefix searching on the string set. The RDF store is then represented compactly using a Compressed Suffix Array (CSA), a proved technology in text indexing that efficiently supports prefix searches. Our experimental evaluation shows that RDFCSA is able to answer triple-pattern queries in a few microseconds per result while using less than 60 join queries, which provide the basis for full SPARQL query support. Even though smaller-space solutions exist, as well as faster ones, RDFCSA is shown to provide an excellent space/time tradeoff, with fast and consistent query times within much less space than alternatives that compete in time.


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