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Sonority Measurement Using System, Source, and Suprasegmental Information

by   Bidisha Sharma, et al.

Sonorant sounds are characterized by regions with prominent formant structure, high energy and high degree of periodicity. In this work, the vocal-tract system, excitation source and suprasegmental features derived from the speech signal are analyzed to measure the sonority information present in each of them. Vocal-tract system information is extracted from the Hilbert envelope of numerator of group delay function. It is derived from zero time windowed speech signal that provides better resolution of the formants. A five-dimensional feature set is computed from the estimated formants to measure the prominence of the spectral peaks. A feature representing strength of excitation is derived from the Hilbert envelope of linear prediction residual, which represents the source information. Correlation of speech over ten consecutive pitch periods is used as the suprasegmental feature representing periodicity information. The combination of evidences from the three different aspects of speech provides better discrimination among different sonorant classes, compared to the baseline MFCC features. The usefulness of the proposed sonority feature is demonstrated in the tasks of phoneme recognition and sonorant classification.


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