Some results on Vertex Separator Reconfiguration

04/22/2020 βˆ™ by Guilherme C. M. Gomes, et al. βˆ™ 0 βˆ™

We present the first results on the complexity of the reconfiguration of vertex separators under the three most popular rules: token addition/removal, token jumping, and token sliding. We show that, aside from some trivially negative instances, the first two rules are equivalent to each other and that, even if only on a subclass of bipartite graphs, TJ is not equivalent to the other two unless 𝖭𝖯 = 𝖯𝖲𝖯𝖠𝖒𝖀; we do this by showing a relationship between separators and independent sets in this subclass of bipartite graphs. In terms of polynomial time algorithms, we show that every class with a polynomially bounded number of minimal vertex separators admits an efficient algorithm under token jumping, then turn our attention to two classes that do not meet this condition: {3P_1, diamond}-free and series-parallel graphs. For the first, we describe a novel characterization, which we use to show that reconfiguring vertex separators under token jumping is always possible and that, under token sliding, it can be done in polynomial time; for series-parallel graphs, we also prove that reconfiguration is always possible under TJ and exhibit a polynomial time algorithm to construct the reconfiguration sequence.

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