Simultaneous Embedding of Colored Graphs

01/17/2021 ∙ by Debajyoti Mondal, et al. ∙ 0

A set of colored graphs are compatible, if for every color i, the number of vertices of color i is the same in every graph. A simultaneous embedding of k compatibly colored graphs, each with n vertices, consists of k planar polyline drawings of these graphs such that the vertices of the same color are mapped to a common set of vertex locations. We prove that simultaneous embedding of k∈ o(loglog n) colored planar graphs, each with n vertices, can always be computed with a sublinear number of bends per edge. Specifically, we show an O(min{c, n^1-1/γ}) upper bound on the number of bends per edge, where γ = 2^⌈ k/2 ⌉ and c is the total number of colors. Our bound, which results from a better analysis of a previously known algorithm [Durocher and Mondal, SIAM J. Discrete Math., 32(4), 2018], improves the bound for k, as well as the bend complexity by a factor of √(2)^k. The algorithm can be generalized to obtain small universal point sets for colored graphs. We prove that n⌈ c/b ⌉ vertex locations, where b≥ 1, suffice to embed any set of compatibly colored n-vertex planar graphs with bend complexity O(b), where c is the number of colors.

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