# Similarity of particle systems using an invariant root mean square deviation measure

Determining whether two particle systems are similar is a common problem in particle simulations. When the comparison should be invariant under permutations, orthogonal transformations, and translations of the systems, special techniques are needed. We present an algorithm that can test particle systems of finite size for similarity and, if they are similar, can find the optimal alignment between them. Our approach is based on an invariant version of the root mean square deviation (RMSD) measure and is capable of finding the globally optimal solution in O(n^3) operations where n is the number of three-dimensional particles.

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