Short-Term Prediction of Signal Cycle in Actuated-Controlled Corridor Using Sparse Time Series Models

12/06/2017
by   Bahman Moghimi, et al.
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Traffic signals as part of intelligent transportation systems can play a significant role toward making cities smart. Conventionally, most traffic lights are designed with fixed-time control, which induces a lot of slack time (unused green time). Actuated traffic lights control traffic flow in real time and are more responsive to the variation of traffic demands. For an isolated signal, a family of time series models such as autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models can be beneficial for predicting the next cycle length. However, when there are multiple signals placed along a corridor with different spacing and configurations, the cycle length variation of such signals is not just related to each signal's values, but it is also affected by the platoon of vehicles coming from neighboring intersections. In this paper, a multivariate time series model is developed to analyze the behavior of signal cycle lengths of multiple intersections placed along a corridor in a fully actuated setup. Five signalized intersections have been modeled along a corridor, with different spacing among them, together with multiple levels of traffic demand. To tackle the high-dimensional nature of the problem, penalized least squares method are utilized in the estimation procedure to output sparse models. Two proposed sparse time series methods captured the signal data reasonably well, and outperformed the conventional vector autoregressive (VAR) model - in some cases up to 17 ARIMA.

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