SGD for Structured Nonconvex Functions: Learning Rates, Minibatching and Interpolation

06/18/2020 ∙ by Robert M. Gower, et al. ∙ 17

We provide several convergence theorems for SGD for two large classes of structured non-convex functions: (i) the Quasar (Strongly) Convex functions and (ii) the functions satisfying the Polyak-Lojasiewicz condition. Our analysis relies on the Expected Residual condition which we show is a strictly weaker assumption as compared to previously used growth conditions, expected smoothness or bounded variance assumptions. We provide theoretical guarantees for the convergence of SGD for different step size selections including constant, decreasing and the recently proposed stochastic Polyak step size. In addition, all of our analysis holds for the arbitrary sampling paradigm, and as such, we are able to give insights into the complexity of minibatching and determine an optimal minibatch size. In particular we recover the best known convergence rates of full gradient descent and single element sampling SGD as a special case. Finally, we show that for models that interpolate the training data, we can dispense of our Expected Residual condition and give state-of-the-art results in this setting.

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