Semi-supervised Federated Learning for Activity Recognition

11/02/2020 ∙ by Yuchen Zhao, et al. ∙ 0

The proliferation of IoT sensors and edge devices makes it possible to use deep learning models to recognise daily activities locally using in-home monitoring technologies. Recently, federated learning systems that use edge devices as clients to collect and utilise IoT sensory data for human activity recognition have been commonly used as a new way to combine local (individual-level) and global (group-level) models. This approach provides better scalability and generalisability and also offers higher privacy compared with the traditional centralised analysis and learning models. The assumption behind federated learning, however, relies on supervised learning on clients. This requires a large volume of labelled data, which is difficult to collect in uncontrolled IoT environments such as remote in-home monitoring. In this paper, we propose an activity recognition system that uses semi-supervised federated learning, wherein clients conduct unsupervised learning on autoencoders with unlabelled local data to learn general representations, and a cloud server conducts supervised learning on an activity classifier with labelled data. Our experimental results show that using autoencoders and a long short-term memory (LSTM) classifier, the accuracy of our proposed system is comparable to that of a supervised federated learning system. Meanwhile, we demonstrate that our system is not affected by the Non-IID distribution of local data, and can even achieve better accuracy than supervised federated learning on some datasets. Additionally, we show that our proposed system can reduce the number of needed labels in the system and the size of local models without losing much accuracy, and has shorter local activity recognition time than supervised federated learning.



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