Scatter Correction in X-ray CT by Physics-Inspired Deep Learning

by   Berk Iskender, et al.

A fundamental problem in X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) is the scatter due to interaction of photons with the imaged object. Unless corrected, scatter manifests itself as degradations in the reconstructions in the form of various artifacts. Scatter correction is therefore critical for reconstruction quality. Scatter correction methods can be divided into two categories: hardware-based; and software-based. Despite success in specific settings, hardware-based methods require modification in the hardware, or increase in the scan time or dose. This makes software-based methods attractive. In this context, Monte-Carlo based scatter estimation, analytical-numerical, and kernel-based methods were developed. Furthermore, data-driven approaches to tackle this problem were recently demonstrated. In this work, two novel physics-inspired deep-learning-based methods, PhILSCAT and OV-PhILSCAT, are proposed. The methods estimate and correct for the scatter in the acquired projection measurements. They incorporate both an initial reconstruction of the object of interest and the scatter-corrupted measurements related to it. They use a common deep neural network architecture and cost function, both tailored to the problem. Numerical experiments with data obtained by Monte-Carlo simulations of the imaging of phantoms reveal significant improvement over a recent purely projection-domain deep neural network scatter correction method.


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