Scaling Up Bayesian Uncertainty Quantification for Inverse Problems using Deep Neural Networks

01/11/2021 ∙ by Shiwei Lan, et al. ∙ 8

Due to the importance of uncertainty quantification (UQ), Bayesian approach to inverse problems has recently gained popularity in applied mathematics, physics, and engineering. However, traditional Bayesian inference methods based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) tend to be computationally intensive and inefficient for such high dimensional problems. To address this issue, several methods based on surrogate models have been proposed to speed up the inference process. More specifically, the calibration-emulation-sampling (CES) scheme has been proven to be successful in large dimensional UQ problems. In this work, we propose a novel CES approach for Bayesian inference based on deep neural network (DNN) models for the emulation phase. The resulting algorithm is not only computationally more efficient, but also less sensitive to the training set. Further, by using an Autoencoder (AE) for dimension reduction, we have been able to speed up our Bayesian inference method up to three orders of magnitude. Overall, our method, henceforth called Dimension-Reduced Emulative Autoencoder Monte Carlo (DREAM) algorithm, is able to scale Bayesian UQ up to thousands of dimensions in physics-constrained inverse problems. Using two low-dimensional (linear and nonlinear) inverse problems we illustrate the validity this approach. Next, we apply our method to two high-dimensional numerical examples (elliptic and advection-diffussion) to demonstrate its computational advantage over existing algorithms.

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