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Scaling priors in two dimensions for Intrinsic Gaussian MarkovRandom Fields

by   Maria-Zafeiria Spyropoulou, et al.
University of Kent

Intrinsic Gaussian Markov Random Fields (IGMRFs) can be used to induce conditional dependence in Bayesian hierarchical models. IGMRFs have both a precision matrix, which defines the neighbourhood structure of the model, and a precision, or scaling, parameter. Previous studies have shown the importance of selecting this scaling parameter appropriately for different types of IGMRF, as it can have a substantial impact on posterior results. Here, we focus on the two-dimensional case, where tuning of the parameter is achieved by mapping it to the marginal standard deviation of a two-dimensional IGMRF. We compare the effects of scaling various classes of IGMRF, including an application to blood pressure data using MCMC methods.


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