Scalable Inference of System-level Models from Component Logs

08/06/2019 ∙ by Donghwan Shin, et al. ∙ 0

Behavioral software models play a key role in many software engineering tasks; unfortunately, these models either are not available during software development or, if available, they quickly become outdated as the implementations evolve. Model inference techniques have been proposed as a viable solution to extract finite-state models from execution logs. However, existing techniques do not scale well when processing very large logs, such as system-level logs obtained by combining component-level logs. Furthermore, in the case of component-based systems, existing techniques assume to know the definitions of communication channels between components. However, this information is usually not available in the case of systems integrating 3rd-party components with limited documentation. In this paper, we address the scalability problem of inferring the model of a component-based system from the individual component-level logs, when the only available information about the system are high-level architecture dependencies among components and a (possibly incomplete) list of log message templates denoting communication events between components. Our model inference technique, called SCALER, follows a divide and conquer approach. The idea is to first infer a model of each system component from the corresponding logs; then, the individual component models are merged together taking into account the dependencies among components, as reflected in the logs. We evaluated SCALER in terms of scalability and accuracy, using a dataset of logs from an industrial system; the results show that SCALER can process much larger logs than a state-of-the-art tool, while yielding more accurate models.



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