Safe Learning-based Gradient-free Model Predictive Control Based on Cross-entropy Method

02/24/2021 ∙ by Lei Zheng, et al. ∙ 0

In this paper, a safe and learning-based control framework for model predictive control (MPC) is proposed to optimize nonlinear systems with a gradient-free objective function under uncertain environmental disturbances. The control framework integrates a learning-based MPC with an auxiliary controller in a way of minimal intervention. The learning-based MPC augments the prior nominal model with incremental Gaussian Processes to learn the uncertain disturbances. The cross-entropy method (CEM) is utilized as the sampling-based optimizer for the MPC with a gradient-free objective function. A minimal intervention controller is devised with a control Lyapunov function and a control barrier function to guide the sampling process and endow the system with high probabilistic safety. The proposed algorithm shows a safe and adaptive control performance on a simulated quadrotor in the tasks of trajectory tracking and obstacle avoidance under uncertain wind disturbances.

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