Robust R-Peak Detection in Low-Quality Holter ECGs using 1D Convolutional Neural Network

12/29/2020 ∙ by Muhammad Uzair Zahid, et al. ∙ 0

Noise and low quality of ECG signals acquired from Holter or wearable devices deteriorate the accuracy and robustness of R-peak detection algorithms. This paper presents a generic and robust system for R-peak detection in Holter ECG signals. While many proposed algorithms have successfully addressed the problem of ECG R-peak detection, there is still a notable gap in the performance of these detectors on such low-quality ECG records. Therefore, in this study, a novel implementation of the 1D Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is used integrated with a verification model to reduce the number of false alarms. This CNN architecture consists of an encoder block and a corresponding decoder block followed by a sample-wise classification layer to construct the 1D segmentation map of R- peaks from the input ECG signal. Once the proposed model has been trained, it can solely be used to detect R-peaks possibly in a single channel ECG data stream quickly and accurately, or alternatively, such a solution can be conveniently employed for real-time monitoring on a lightweight portable device. The model is tested on two open-access ECG databases: The China Physiological Signal Challenge (2020) database (CPSC-DB) with more than one million beats, and the commonly used MIT-BIH Arrhythmia Database (MIT-DB). Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed systematic approach achieves 99.30 best R-peak detection performance ever achieved. Compared to all competing methods, the proposed approach can reduce the false-positives and false-negatives in Holter ECG signals by more than 54 Results also demonstrate similar or better performance than most competing algorithms on MIT-DB with 99.83

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