RL-CoSeg : A Novel Image Co-Segmentation Algorithm with Deep Reinforcement Learning

04/12/2022
by   Xin Duan, et al.
143

This paper proposes an automatic image co-segmentation algorithm based on deep reinforcement learning (RL). Existing co-segmentation tasks mainly rely on deep learning methods, and the obtained foreground edges are often rough. In order to obtain more precise foreground edges, we use deep RL to solve this problem and achieve the finer segmentation. To our best knowledge, this is the first work to apply RL methods to co-segmentation. We define the problem as a Markov Decision Process (MDP) and optimize it by RL with asynchronous advantage actor-critic (A3C). The RL image co-segmentation network uses the correlation between images to segment common and salient objects from a set of related images. In order to achieve automatic segmentation, our RL-CoSeg method eliminates user's hints. For the image co-segmentation problem, we propose a collaborative RL algorithm based on the A3C model. We propose a Siamese RL co-segmentation network structure to obtain the co-attention of images for co-segmentation. We improve the self-attention for automatic RL algorithm to obtain long-distance dependence and enlarge the receptive field. The image feature information obtained by self-attention can be used to supplement the deleted user's hints and help to obtain more accurate actions. Experimental results have shown that our method can improve the performance effectively on both coarse and fine initial segmentations, and it achieves the state-of-the-art performance on Internet dataset, iCoseg dataset and MLMR-COS dataset.

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