Rethinking Adjacent Dependency in Session-based Recommendations

01/29/2022
by   Qian Zhang, et al.
4

Session-based recommendations (SBRs) recommend the next item for an anonymous user by modeling the dependencies between items in a session. Benefiting from the superiority of graph neural networks (GNN) in learning complex dependencies, GNN-based SBRs have become the main stream of SBRs in recent years. Most GNN-based SBRs are based on a strong assumption of adjacent dependency, which means any two adjacent items in a session are necessarily dependent here. However, based on our observation, the adjacency does not necessarily indicate dependency due to the uncertainty and complexity of user behaviours. Therefore, the aforementioned assumption does not always hold in the real-world cases and thus easily leads to two deficiencies: (1) the introduction of false dependencies between items which are adjacent in a session but are not really dependent, and (2) the missing of true dependencies between items which are not adjacent but are actually dependent. Such deficiencies significantly downgrade accurate dependency learning and thus reduce the recommendation performance. Aiming to address these deficiencies, we propose a novel review-refined inter-item graph neural network (RI-GNN), which utilizes the topic information extracted from items' reviews to refine dependencies between items. Experiments on two public real-world datasets demonstrate that RI-GNN outperforms the state-of-the-art methods.

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