Representation Learning on Variable Length and Incomplete Wearable-Sensory Time Series

02/10/2020 ∙ by Xian Wu, et al. ∙ 8

The prevalence of wearable sensors (e.g., smart wristband) is enabling an unprecedented opportunity to not only inform health and wellness states of individuals, but also assess and infer demographic information and personality. This can allow us a deeper personalized insight beyond how many steps we took or what is our heart rate. However, before we can achieve this goal of personalized insight about an individual, we have to resolve a number of shortcomings: 1) wearable-sensory time series is often of variable-length and incomplete due to different data collection periods (e.g., wearing behavior varies by person); 2) inter-individual variability to external factors like stress and environment. This paper addresses these challenges and brings us closer to the potential of personalized insights whether about health or personality or job performance about an individual by developing a novel representation learning algorithm, HeartSpace. Specifically, HeartSpace is capable of encoding time series data with variable-length and missing values via the integration of a time series encoding module and a pattern aggregation network. Additionally, HeartSpace implements a Siamese-triplet network to optimize representations by jointly capturing intra- and inter-series correlations during the embedding learning process. Our empirical evaluation over two different data presents significant performance gains over state-of-the-art baselines in a variety of applications, including personality prediction, demographics inference, user identification.

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