Replication-Robust Payoff-Allocation with Applications in Machine Learning Marketplaces

06/25/2020 ∙ by Dongge Han, et al. ∙ 15

The ever-increasing take-up of machine learning techniques requires ever-more application-specific training data. Manually collecting such training data is a tedious and time-consuming process. Data marketplaces represent a compelling alternative, providing an easy way for acquiring data from potential data providers. A key component of such marketplaces is the compensation mechanism for data providers. Classic payoff-allocation methods such as the Shapley value can be vulnerable to data-replication attacks, and are infeasible to compute in the absence of efficient approximation algorithms. To address these challenges, we present an extensive theoretical study on the vulnerabilities of game theoretic payoff-allocation schemes to replication attacks. Our insights apply to a wide range of payoff-allocation schemes, and enable the design of customised replication-robust payoff-allocations. Furthermore, we present a novel efficient sampling algorithm for approximating payoff-allocation schemes based on marginal contributions. In our experiments, we validate the replication-robustness of classic payoff-allocation schemes and new payoff-allocation schemes derived from our theoretical insights. We also demonstrate the efficiency of our proposed sampling algorithm on a wide range of machine learning tasks.

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