Remote Sensing Image Scene Classification with Deep Neural Networks in JPEG 2000 Compressed Domain

by   Akshara Preethy Byju, et al.

To reduce the storage requirements, remote sensing (RS) images are usually stored in compressed format. Existing scene classification approaches using deep neural networks (DNNs) require to fully decompress the images, which is a computationally demanding task in operational applications. To address this issue, in this paper we propose a novel approach to achieve scene classification in JPEG 2000 compressed RS images. The proposed approach consists of two main steps: i) approximation of the finer resolution sub-bands of reversible biorthogonal wavelet filters used in JPEG 2000; and ii) characterization of the high-level semantic content of approximated wavelet sub-bands and scene classification based on the learnt descriptors. This is achieved by taking codestreams associated with the coarsest resolution wavelet sub-band as input to approximate finer resolution sub-bands using a number of transposed convolutional layers. Then, a series of convolutional layers models the high-level semantic content of the approximated wavelet sub-band. Thus, the proposed approach models the multiresolution paradigm given in the JPEG 2000 compression algorithm in an end-to-end trainable unified neural network. In the classification stage, the proposed approach takes only the coarsest resolution wavelet sub-bands as input, thereby reducing the time required to apply decoding. Experimental results performed on two benchmark aerial image archives demonstrate that the proposed approach significantly reduces the computational time with similar classification accuracies when compared to traditional RS scene classification approaches (which requires full image decompression).


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