Reduced-Space Interior Point Methods in Power Grid Problems

01/29/2020 ∙ by Juraj Kardoš, et al. ∙ 0

Due to critical environmental issues, the power systems have to accommodate a significant level of penetration of renewable generation which requires smart approaches to the power grid control. Associated optimal control problems are large-scale nonlinear optimization problems with up to hundreds of millions of variables and constraints. The interior point methods become computationally intractable, mainly due to the solution of large linear systems. This document addresses the computational bottlenecks of the interior point method during the solution of the security constrained optimal power flow problems by applying reduced space quasi-Newton IPM, which could utilize high-performance computers due to the inherent parallelism in the adjoint method. Reduced space IPM approach and the adjoint method is a novel approach when it comes to solving the (security constrained) optimal power flow problems. These were previously used in the PDE-constrained optimization. The presented methodology is suitable for high-performance architectures due to inherent parallelism in the adjoint method during the gradient evaluation, since the individual contingency scenarios are modeled by independent set of the constraints. Preliminary evaluation of the performance and convergence is performed to study the reduced space approach.

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