Recurrent Neural Network Based Hybrid Model of Gene Regulatory Network

by   Khalid Raza, et al.

Systems biology is an emerging interdisciplinary area of research that focuses on study of complex interactions in a biological system, such as gene regulatory networks. The discovery of gene regulatory networks leads to a wide range of applications, such as pathways related to a disease that can unveil in what way the disease acts and provide novel tentative drug targets. In addition, the development of biological models from discovered networks or pathways can help to predict the responses to disease and can be much useful for the novel drug development and treatments. The inference of regulatory networks from biological data is still in its infancy stage. This paper proposes a recurrent neural network (RNN) based gene regulatory network (GRN) model hybridized with generalized extended Kalman filter for weight update in backpropagation through time training algorithm. The RNN is a complex neural network that gives a better settlement between the biological closeness and mathematical flexibility to model GRN. The RNN is able to capture complex, non-linear and dynamic relationship among variables. Gene expression data are inherently noisy and Kalman filter performs well for estimation even in noisy data. Hence, non-linear version of Kalman filter, i.e., generalized extended Kalman filter has been applied for weight update during network training. The developed model has been applied on DNA SOS repair network, IRMA network, and two synthetic networks from DREAM Challenge. We compared our results with other state-of-the-art techniques that show superiority of our model. Further, 5 Gaussian noise has been added in the dataset and result of the proposed model shows negligible effect of noise on the results.


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