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Recurrent Deep Divergence-based Clustering for simultaneous feature learning and clustering of variable length time series

by   Daniel J. Trosten, et al.

The task of clustering unlabeled time series and sequences entails a particular set of challenges, namely to adequately model temporal relations and variable sequence lengths. If these challenges are not properly handled, the resulting clusters might be of suboptimal quality. As a key solution, we present a joint clustering and feature learning framework for time series based on deep learning. For a given set of time series, we train a recurrent network to represent, or embed, each time series in a vector space such that a divergence-based clustering loss function can discover the underlying cluster structure in an end-to-end manner. Unlike previous approaches, our model inherently handles multivariate time series of variable lengths and does not require specification of a distance-measure in the input space. On a diverse set of benchmark datasets we illustrate that our proposed Recurrent Deep Divergence-based Clustering approach outperforms, or performs comparable to, previous approaches.


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