Rate-Distortion Optimization Guided Autoencoder for Generative Approach with quantitatively measurable latent space

10/10/2019 ∙ by Keizo Kato, et al. ∙ FUJITSU 0

In the generative model approach of machine learning, it is essential to acquire an accurate probabilistic model and compress the dimension of data for easy treatment. However, in the conventional deep-autoencoder based generative model such as VAE, the probability of the real space cannot be obtained correctly from that of in the latent space, because the scaling between both spaces is not controlled. This has also been an obstacle to quantifying the impact of the variation of latent variables on data. In this paper, we propose Rate-Distortion Optimization guided autoencoder, in which the Jacobi matrix from real space to latent space has orthonormality. It is proved theoretically and experimentally that (i) the probability distribution of the latent space obtained by this model is proportional to the probability distribution of the real space because Jacobian between two spaces is constant; (ii) our model behaves as non-linear PCA, where energy of acquired latent space is concentrated on several principal components and the influence of each component can be evaluated quantitatively. Furthermore, to verify the usefulness on the practical application, we evaluate its performance in unsupervised anomaly detection and it outperforms current state-of-the-art methods.



There are no comments yet.


page 9

This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.