Ranking Distance Calibration for Cross-Domain Few-Shot Learning

by   Pan Li, et al.

Recent progress in few-shot learning promotes a more realistic cross-domain setting, where the source and target datasets are from different domains. Due to the domain gap and disjoint label spaces between source and target datasets, their shared knowledge is extremely limited. This encourages us to explore more information in the target domain rather than to overly elaborate training strategies on the source domain as in many existing methods. Hence, we start from a generic representation pre-trained by a cross-entropy loss and a conventional distance-based classifier, along with an image retrieval view, to employ a re-ranking process for calibrating a target distance matrix by discovering the reciprocal k-nearest neighbours within the task. Assuming the pre-trained representation is biased towards the source, we construct a non-linear subspace to minimise task-irrelevant features therewithin while keep more transferrable discriminative information by a hyperbolic tangent transformation. The calibrated distance in this target-aware non-linear subspace is complementary to that in the pre-trained representation. To impose such distance calibration information onto the pre-trained representation, a Kullback-Leibler divergence loss is employed to gradually guide the model towards the calibrated distance-based distribution. Extensive evaluations on eight target domains show that this target ranking calibration process can improve conventional distance-based classifiers in few-shot learning.


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