Quantum turbulence simulations using the Gross-Pitaevskii equation: high-performance computing and new numerical benchmarks

by   Michikazu Kobayashi, et al.

This paper is concerned with the numerical investigation of Quantum Turbulence (QT) described by the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation. Numerical simulations are performed using a parallel (MPI-OpenMP) code based on a pseudo-spectral spatial discretization and second order splitting for the time integration. We start by revisiting (in the framework of high-performance/high-accuracy computations) well-known GP-QT settings, based on the analogy with classical vortical flows: Taylor-Green (TG) vortices and Arnold-Beltrami-Childress (ABC) flow. Two new settings are suggested to build the initial condition for the QT simulation. They are based on the direct manipulation of the wave function by generating a smoothed random phase (SRP) field, or seeding random vortex rings (RVR) pairs. The new initial conditions have the advantage to be simpler to implement than the TG and ABC approaches, while generating statistically equivalent QT fields. Each of these four GP-QT settings is described in detail by defining corresponding benchmarks that could be used to validate/calibrate new GP codes. We offer a comprehensive description of the numerical and physical parameters of each benchmark. We analyze the results in detail and present values, spectra and structure functions of main quantities of interest (energy, helicity, etc.) that are useful to describe the turbulent flow. Some general features of QT are identified, despite the variety of initial states.



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