Quantized Push-sum for Gossip and Decentralized Optimization over Directed Graphs

02/23/2020 ∙ by Hossein Taheri, et al. ∙ 0

We consider a decentralized stochastic learning problem where data points are distributed among computing nodes communicating over a directed graph. As the model size gets large, decentralized learning faces a major bottleneck that is the heavy communication load due to each node transmitting large messages (model updates) to its neighbors. To tackle this bottleneck, we propose the quantized decentralized stochastic learning algorithm over directed graphs that is based on the push-sum algorithm in decentralized consensus optimization. More importantly, we prove that our algorithm achieves the same convergence rates of the decentralized stochastic learning algorithm with exact-communication for both convex and non-convex losses. A key technical challenge of the work is to prove exact convergence of the proposed decentralized learning algorithm in the presence of quantization noise with unbounded variance over directed graphs. We provide numerical evaluations that corroborate our main theoretical results and illustrate significant speed-up compared to the exact-communication methods.

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