QoS-Aware User Scheduling in Crowded XL-MIMO Systems Under Non-Stationary Multi-State LoS/NLoS Channels

by   Joao Henrique Inacio de Souza, et al.
State University of Londrina
Aalborg University

Providing minimum quality-of-service (QoS) in crowded wireless communications systems, with high user density, is challenging due to the network structure with limited transmit power budget and resource blocks. Smart resource allocation methods, such as user scheduling, power allocation, and modulation and coding scheme selection, must be implemented to cope with the challenge. Aiming to enhance the number of served users with minimum QoS in the downlink (DL) channel of crowded extra-large scale massive multiple-input multiple-output (XL-MIMO) systems, in this paper we propose a QoS-aware joint user scheduling and power allocation technique. The proposed technique is constituted by two sequential procedures: the clique search-based scheduling (CBS) algorithm for user scheduling followed by optimal power allocation with transmit power budget and minimum achievable rate per user constraints. To accurately evaluate the proposed technique in the XL-MIMO scenario, we propose a generalized non-stationary multi-state channel model based on spherical-wave propagation assuming that users under LoS and NLoS transmission coexist in the same communication cell. Such model considers that users under different channel states experience different propagation aspects both in the multipath fading model and the path loss rule. Numerical results on the achievable sum-rate, number of scheduled users, and distribution of the scheduled users reveal that the proposed CBS algorithm provides a fair coverage over the whole cell area, achieving remarkable numbers of scheduled users when users under the LoS and NLoS channel states coexist in the communication cell.


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