Pseudolikelihood Reranking with Masked Language Models

10/31/2019 ∙ by Julian Salazar, et al. ∙ 15

We rerank with scores from pretrained masked language models like BERT to improve ASR and NMT performance. These log-pseudolikelihood scores (LPLs) can outperform large, autoregressive language models (GPT-2) in out-of-the-box scoring. RoBERTa reduces WER by up to 30 system and adds up to +1.7 BLEU on state-of-the-art baselines for TED Talks low-resource pairs, with further gains from domain adaptation. In the multilingual setting, a single XLM can be used to rerank translation outputs in multiple languages. The numerical and qualitative properties of LPL scores suggest that LPLs capture sentence fluency better than autoregressive scores. Finally, we finetune BERT to estimate sentence LPLs without masking, enabling scoring in a single, non-recurrent inference pass.

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