Probability, valuations, hyperspace: Three monads on Top and the support as a morphism

10/09/2019
by   Tobias Fritz, et al.
0

We consider three monads on Top, the category of topological spaces, which formalize topological aspects of probability and possibility in categorical terms. The first one is the hyperspace monad H, which assigns to every space its space of closed subsets equipped with the lower Vietoris topology. The second is the monad V of continuous valuations, also known as the extended probabilistic powerdomain. Both monads are constructed in terms of double dualization. This not only reveals a strong similarity between them, but also allows us to prove that the operation of taking the support of a continuous valuation is a morphism of monads from V to H. In particular, this implies that every H-algebra (topological complete semilattice) is also a V-algebra. Third, we show that V can be restricted to a submonad of tau-smooth probability measures on Top. By composing these two morphisms of monads, we obtain that taking the support of a τ-smooth probability measure is also given by a morphism of monads.

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